Researchers at California’s Gladstone Institutes have used human stem cells to create a neuron that could potentially benefit people with spinal cord injuries. The special type of neurons created by the group is responsible for transmitting signals from the brain to the spinal cord, a process that is essential for movement control.
Scientists at the Clinic for Small Animal Surgery at the University of Zurich have conducted experiments to regenerate damaged spinal discs in dogs. The neurologists hope that the findings will help pave the way for treatment of intervertebral disc disorders in humans.
Preliminary results have recently been presented on a early-phase clinical trial that aims to treat paralysis as a result of spinal cord injury. Embryonic stem cells differentiated into early nerve cells are used to repair injury to nerves in the spinal cord. The researchers hope to restore muscle function in these recently paralyzed patients. Other [Read More]
Damage to the spinal cord frequently results in a permanent loss of body functions that are controlled by nerves below the site of injury. Trauma to the spine from fractures, crush injuries, gunshot wounds, and knife stabbings are some of the possible causes of spinal cord injuries (SCIs). Non-traumatic causes include arthritis, inflammation, infection, tumors, [Read More]